From PathfinderWiki
The Darklands
The symbol of the Darklands.

No single capital
Scattered dictatorships, kingdoms, and theocracies
Source: Into the Darklands
World Guide, pg(s). 7–8 (2E)

The Darklands are an immense series of caverns, vaults, and passages that can be found beneath the surface of all of Golarion's continents. While entrances to the Darklands can be found throughout the world, it is uncommon for surface dwellers to venture into the almost universally unsafe depths, making the subterranean realm almost a world unto itself.1


Hryngars are a dangerous hazard in Nar-Voth.

The Darklands can be divided into three distinct layers, each with their own characteristics, inhabitants, and hazards.1


Nar-Voth is the uppermost of the three regions—the "wilderness" of the Darklands.2 Most surface explorers of the Darklands are only familiar with this region. It is primarily composed of a series of cave networks connected by lengthy twisting tunnels. For a cave network to be considered part of Nar-Voth, there must be a connection to the region of Sekamina below.3 Nar-Voth's cavern systems do not form a continuous network, and travel between them often requires passing through Sekamina or over the surface.4 Some areas of Nar-Voth, such as Reguare beneath Garund, are almost entirely isolated from the rest of the Darklands.5 Nar-Voth is populated by xulgaths, deros, hryngars,6 calignis, and other peoples who were surface dwellers until they were twisted by isolation or unknown energies in the depths of the Darklands.1


Below Nar-Voth lies the largest realm of the Darklands: Sekamina. This region consists of a vast underground warren of tunnels that span continents,2 along with great underground rivers and lakes. Most of the entrances to Sekamina require traveling through Nar-Voth first, but it is believed there are exceptions.3 The regions of Sekamina below the Inner Sea region were the site of a serpentfolk empire during the Age of Serpents,7 but it is now the domain of the drow.1


The Darklands hold mysteries and dangers beyond ken.

The deepest realm of the Darklands is the mysterious and dangerous layer of Orv. Here, many immense caverns known as vaults host a wide array of underground oceans, caverns with jungles and artificial suns, entire nations of warmongering humanoids, and regions containing mountain ranges and vast deserts. Typically the denizens of the upper Darklands think of the vaults with the same sense of fear and wonder that surface folk do for them, thus, only the absolute bravest of adventurers ever seeks out these deep subterranean worlds.2

Entrances to the Darklands

Just because a cavern or dungeon is deep does not mean that it is part of the Darklands. Most such places are simply natural or artificial caves that connect only to the surface and do not delve any deeper. In order to truly qualify, an underground location must possess connections to the greater system of tunnels and caverns of Nar-Voth or Sekamina. These entrances range from the once great dwarven Sky Citadels to the infamous Pit of Gormuz and are not always as obvious as one might suspect.8

Darklands of Tian Xia

The Darklands below the continent of Tian Xia is in some ways similar, but in other ways very different from that of the Inner Sea region. Like its western counterpart, these Darklands are broken down into three levels: Nar-Voth, Sekamina, and Orv. What is most different, are their inhabitants; the Darklands of Tian Xia have no major populations of hryngars, drow, or deros. Instead, they are home to haunted clockworks, denizens of Leng, oni, and cave giants.9


The Darklands are the most ancient region of Golarion, but much of it remains a vast wilderness with a few scattered nations and city states. Many of the tunnels, especially in the region of Orv, are believed to have been originally created countless years ago by the mysterious Vault Keepers. The fact that these tunnels and caverns remain intact today speaks volumes about the power of these enigmatic entities.10

During the Age of Legend, the serpentfolk ruled large parts of the Darklands. They were defeated by the Azlanti, and much of their empire was reduced to ruins. Following Earthfall, many elves fled into the Darklands—and later on in the Age of Darkness, they were transformed into drow.10

Later, the dwarves began their Quest for Sky, abandoning their homes in the Darklands for the surface world, and driving their enemies—the orcs—up to the surface before them.10


Finding one's way through the Darklands can be a dangerous and time-consuming undertaking, not only because of its belligerent inhabitants, but because the physical structure of its tunnels and chambers complicate travel. Although more linear, artificial tunnels and grottoes exist (most notably in Orv), the large majority of passages in the Darklands are the result of natural processes and are twisting and confusing, often ending in cave-ins, pits, or other impassable obstructions.11


Drow slavers at work in Sekamina.

The Darklands play host to as wide an array of creatures as the surface world. Some are intelligent and civilized, while others are bestial, savage, and primal. Throughout the three layers that make up the subterranean domain, one can find any number of settlements which rival their above-ground counterparts. Most of these are in the upper layers of Nar-Voth and Sekamina, but even some of the most deadly vaults of Orv are teeming with life.

The civilized races that inhabit Nar-Voth include hryngars, mongrelmen, xulgaths, and dero. Most of these races are relatively isolated, tribal, or small, with the exception of the hryngars, who occupy a number of abandoned pre-existing dwarven cities.3

In Sekamina live drathnelars,12 grimlocks, ghouls, vegepygmies, alghollthu-thrall ulat-kinis, morlocks, serpentfolk, and drow. Despite the wide variety of humanoid races living here, the drow tend to be in control of the largest portion of Sekamina.3

Inhabiting Orv are neothelids, urdefhans, xoarians,13 gugs, gore weavers, and umbral dragons. Most of these creatures are isolated to specific vaults, although the urdefhans can be found in many places.14


The Darklands are a dangerous place, a fact to which anyone who has ever journeyed there can easily attest. This is partially due to the fact that, compared with the surface world, food sources are extremely scarce there. This makes the competition for those sources that do exist that much more intense. Perhaps because of this, the creatures and inhabitants of the Darklands, all up and down the food chain, are quite deadly. In addition to the obvious threats presented by deadly predators, insatiable scavengers, and diabolical ambushers, there are the more mundane, but nevertheless lethal, hazards of the Darklands.[citation needed]


Most of the air found below is safe to breathe, if a little stale. In areas blocked off by tunnel collapses or water, or near sources of noxious gases, however, the atmosphere can become dangerous to travellers. The air near large magma flows can be quite caustic, and poisonous gases like carbauxine or quickdeath can lead to an even quicker demise.15

Fungi, slimes, and molds

See also: Category:Darklands flora

Most plants have little chance of surviving in the dry, dark caverns of the Darklands. There is simply not enough water or light (with the exception of some of the stranger Orvian Vaults) for them to live. Instead, those who live here largely rely on the various fungi, molds, and slimes for sustenance. But like everything else in this hostile environment, these plants can be dangerous as well.16

Darklands fungi include the rot-inducing violet fungus, animating slaver fungus, brain-damaging cytillesh, twilight mushrooms,16 and nauseating stinkpods.17

Dangerous molds include the cold-exuding brown mold; russet mold, which gives birth to vegepygmies; poisonous yellow mold; and life-draining ghost mold.16

Harmful slimes of note include the corrosive green slime and the innocuous-seeming olive slime.18


See also: Category:Darklands fauna

The Darklands are home to many strange creatures, including the stirge hound, ether frog, and ghost bat.19


Paizo published several books focused on the Darklands, including Into the Darklands, Darklands Revisited, and Heroes of the Darklands, and retroactively revised the Darklands for the Pathfinder Remaster in the "Return to the Darklands" article in Heavy is the Crown.

For additional as-yet unincorporated sources about this subject, see the Meta page.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tanya DePass, et al. “Overview” in World Guide, 7–8. Paizo Inc., 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 James Jacobs. (September 17, 2008). Down Orvway, Paizo Blog.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Erik Mona, et al. “Chapter 5: The World” in Campaign Setting, 204–205. Paizo Inc., 2008
  4. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. Nar-Voth” in Into the Darklands, 20–21. Paizo Inc., 2008
  5. Wolfgang Baur, et al. Ghol-Gan” in Lost Kingdoms, 28. Paizo Inc., 2012
  6. Paizo referred to hryngars as duergar until the publication of Highhelm and the Sky King's Tomb Pathfinder Adventure Path.
  7. Clinton Boomer. “Ecology of the Serpentfolk” in Souls for Smuggler's Shiv, 65–69. Paizo Inc., 2010
  8. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. “Exploring the Darklands” in Into the Darklands, 4. Paizo Inc., 2008
  9. James Jacobs, et al. “Regions of the Dragon Empires” in Dragon Empires Gazetteer, 21. Paizo Inc., 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 James Jacobs, et al. The Inner Sea World Guide, 58–59. Paizo Inc., 2011
  11. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. “Exploring the Darklands” in Into the Darklands, 10. Paizo Inc., 2008
  12. Paizo referred to drathnelars (umbral gnomes) as svirfneblin (deep gnomes) until the publication of Mantle of Gold.
  13. Paizo referred to xoarians as intellect devourers until the publication of Heavy is the Crown.
  14. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. Orv” in Into the Darklands, 47–55. Paizo Inc., 2008
  15. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. “Exploring the Darklands” in Into the Darklands, 11. Paizo Inc., 2008
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. “Exploring the Darklands” in Into the Darklands, 12–13. Paizo Inc., 2008
  17. Graeme Davis, et al. The Thousand Fangs Below, inside front cover. Paizo Inc., 2011
  18. James Jacobs & Greg A. Vaughan. “Exploring the Darklands” in Into the Darklands, 9. Paizo Inc., 2008
  19. James Jacobs. (December 1, 2008). Beasts of the Black Blood, Paizo Blog.