Thief, vagabond, scout, con man. These are just some of the terms that might refer to a rogue. They are the clever tricksters of the world, the consummate professional criminals, or even the highly trained informants and spies. Where fighters rely on their martial training, wizards on their mastery of arcane power, and clerics on the grace of their deity, the rogue relies on training of the body and mind to overcome obstacles. They are any combination of athletic, cunning, shifty, convincing, learned, and crafty. They augment their training with a precise working knowledge of anatomy: where to deliver a knock-out blow when the situation requires.
Rogues typically begin their training alone - learning from various teachers in secret, on the hard streets, or in the wild. The so-called "thieves" guilds of Avistan and Garund rarely take such training upon themselves, preferring to recruit able members and avoid the messy physical and financial costs of training new members. Depending on the location, guilds might operate in secret (the most common method), in the open (such as Absalom and Sedeq, or even with some degree of authority. Fortunately, constant wars between rival guilds often limit the resources and effectiveness of these ubiquitous organizations.
Adventuring rogues are common, thanks to their unique skills set. Though guilds frown on thieves operating independently, they have no control over other occupations, though adventuring does often attract their attention thanks to the enormous wealth accrued by such activity.
Rogues are common across the regions and nations of Golarion. As a matter of course, the class is much more common in areas with loose laws and looser morals. The Shackles, Varisia, and Katapesh all give rise to abnormally high numbers of rogues. Nidal is another exception, as it is a haven for assassins.
Being a rogue is a way of life, and is mostly reliant on self-fulfilled goals. The rogue is as common across the races as it is throughout regions, social strata, nations, or districts.
Rogues are a diverse lot, and might cast their favor to any deity they feel helps their personal cause. Calistria is no doubt one of the most common deity of rogues, emphasizing trickery and revenge. Cayden Cailean also shares many personality traits with some members of the class. Good rogues might be inclined towards Desna, while those focused on battle might choose Gorum. Evil rogues tend towards Norgorber or Droskar. Abadar is common, though often too strict for a rogue's slippery morals.